This study addresses ATLAS and TITAN programs, ATLAS V facility improvements, and individual missions involving ATLAS and TITAN space launches at Cape Canaveral from 1993 through 2006. The section entitled, "The Lockheed Martin Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle (EELV) Program," provides a brief overview of government and contractor efforts that led to ATLAS V operations on Complex 41 at the Cape. Other sections address the deactivation and demolition of Complex 36, ATLAS V construction on Complex 41, descriptions of the various types of launch vehicles, a chronological list of 101 major launches, and individual mission summaries.
The mission summaries are grouped by type of vehicle, and they are listed chronologically under three subjective headings: 1) Military Space Operations, 2) Commercial Space Operations, and 3) Civil Space Operations. Since NASA, the Air Force, and the Navy use commercial launch contractors to put their payloads into space, there has been some confusion over just what constitutes a civil, military or commercial launch operation. For our purposes, the sponsor of the mission (Air Force, Navy, NASA or commercial company) will determine where its launch summary is placed.
Each launch entry contains a brief synopsis of the mission. Highlights of the preparations for each flight and the launch itself, including delays, scrubs, incidents, and the outcome of the flight, are included. The ATLAS and TITAN Launch Synopsis at the end of this study lists all the launches in chronological order by date (calculated in Greenwich Mean Time - indicated by a "Z" suffix at the end of each time entry), type of launch vehicle, launch site, and payload. Each launch summary and topic is hyperlinked in the Table of Contents and Launch Synopsis for ease of retrieval.
ATLAS I/CENTAUR and ATLAS II/CENTAUR Overview * ATLAS I/CENTAUR and ATLAS II/CENTAUR Military Space Operations * UHF F/O #1; DSCS III (Jul 93); UHF F/O #2; DSCS III (Nov 93); UHF F/O #3; EHF F/O #4; EHF F/O #5; DSCS III (Jul 95); EHF F/O #6; UHF F/O #7; DSCS III (Oct 97); NRO Payload (Jan 98); UHF F-8; UHF F-9; UHF F-10; DSCS III B8 (Jan 00); DSCS III B11 (Oct 00); NRO MLV-11 (Dec 00); NRO MLV-12 (Oct 01); NROL-1 * ATLAS I/CENTAUR and ATLAS II/CENTAUR Commercial Space Operations * TELSTAR 4; DIRECTV; INTELSAT VII (Oct 94); ORION; INTELSAT VII (Jan 95); INTELSAT VII (Mar 95); MSAT; JCSAT; GALAXY IIIR; PALAPA-C1; INMARSAT-3; SAX; GE-1; HOT BIRD 2; INMARSAT-3 F3; JCSAT-4; TEMPO II; SUPERBIRD-C; GE-3; ECHOSTAR III; GALAXY VIII-i; INTELSAT 806; INTELSAT 805; HOTBIRD-5; JCSAT-6; EUTELSAT W3; ECHOSTAR V; HISPASAT 1-C; ECHOSTAR VI; ICO-A1 (F2); HISPASAT-1D; AMC-10; SUPERBIRD-6; AMC-11 * ATLAS I/CENTAUR and ATLAS II/CENTAUR Civil Space Operations * GOES-I; GOES-J; SOHO; GOES-K; GOES-L; TDRS-H; GOES-M; TDRS-I; TDRS-J * ATLAS IIIA/CENTAUR and ATLAS IIIB/CENTAUR Overview * ATLAS IIIA and ATLAS IIIB/CENTAUR Commercial Space Operations * EUTELSAT W4; ECHOSTAR VII; ASIASAT-4; MBSat * ATLAS IIIB/CENTAUR Military Space Operations * UHF F-11; NROL-23 * ATLAS V/CENTAUR Overview * The Lockheed Martin Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle (EELV) Program Deactivation of Complex 41 and Construction for ATLAS V The ATLAS V/CENTAUR Family of Launch Vehicles * ATLAS V Commercial Space Operations * HOT BIRD-6; HELLAS-SAT; RAINBOW-1; AMC-16; INMARSAT-4; ASTRA 1KR * ATLAS V Civil Space Operations * MARS RECON ORBITER; PLUTO NEW HORIZONS * TITAN IV/CENTAUR and TITAN IV/IUS Overview * TITAN IV Military Space Operations * MILSTAR (Flt 1); Classified Payload (May 94); Classified Payload (Aug 94); DSP (Dec 94); Classified Payload (May 95); Classified Payload (Jul 95); MILSTAR (Flt 2); Classified Payload (Apr 96); Classified Payload (Jul 96); DSP (Feb 97); Classified Payload (Nov 97); NRO Payload (May 98); NRO Payload (Aug 98); DSP-19; MILSTAR (Flt 3); DSP-20; MILSTAR (Flt 4); DSP-21; MILSTAR (Flt 5); MILSTAR (Flt 6); NROL-19; DSP-22; NROL-16. * TITAN IV Civil Space Operations * CASSINI